SPA and Balneology
The Latin phrase “Sanus per aqua”, who’s ancient meaning is “health through water” has acquired the meaning of „mineral spring”. In times of busy schedules, stress, tiredness and lack of free time, more often each of us wonders what the real pleasures of life are. For example-
Steam bath, for example, also known as Turkish bath (hamam) takes us into the world of Orient. It is believed that the relaxing and healing properties of steam were used in the time of the ancient Greeks and Romans. From these starts the concept “Roman bath”. The steam bath is a warm and humid room temperature to 50 degrees and relative humidity of 100%. There are soft and relaxing effect and many healing properties for the skin and the respiratory tract.
Other spa treatment with a similar effect of the steam bath is the sauna. It is also called Finnish sauna, because it springs up from Finland. In the past saunas represented the Finish underground houses, where they placed heated stones in the fireplace, threw water on them and that way they created an artificial hot steam that warm them during the cold Scandinavian nights. Today, the sauna is a room with wood paneling, usually lime, aspen, pine or cedar and it is heated to about 100 degrees. Heating the sauna is possible through electric wood stoves, where are stored special volcanic stones. After each steam bath or sauna is required the cooling, or so-
Bulgarian spa resorts are a combination of superb climate and wealth of mineral waters with different chemical composition, different mineralization, temperature, gases and microorganisms. Bulgaria is among the first in Europe in wealth and diversity of hydrothermal waters and bioclimatology.
The healing qualities of the Bulgarian mineral waters were known in ancient times. Around the mineral springs are built balneotherapy sanatoriums and entire villages: Hisar-
Bansko–This is popular mountain resort, located at the foot of Pirin Mountain, which offers attractive opportunities for recreation and tourism in all four seasons. Today Bansko is a town-
It is located in the Western Rhodopes at an average altitude of 760 m, whit short cool summer, long winter, with the cloudless days at the year. With its over then 80 mineral springs, Velingrad is one of the most popular spa resorts. Great number of sanatoriums, clinics, spa centers and hotels welcome dozens of tourists. This is the town with the largest resource of mineral water in the country-
The town and surrounding area has 3 mineral waters deposits with different physicochemical characteristics. Mineral water from Chepino is hypothermal with temperature of 48 degrees. It is characterized as hydro, sodium, fluorine and silicon. Mineral water from Ladzhene is hot with temperature of 60 degrees. Mineral water from Kamenica is hot with temperature 90 degrees. Mineral water is suitable for drinking, inhalation, and external balneology treatment. Mineral waters of Velingrad are preferred for prevention and treatment of the musculoskeletal system, peripheral nervous system, respiratory system diseases and diseases of gastrointestinal tract.
Kyustendil – It is located at an altitude of 527m in the southwest of the country, in the foothills of Osogovo. Millennial history is closely linked with its healing mineral waters. The ancient Romans appreciated this precious treasure and built here the largest Asklepion on the Balkans, an area of 3.600 m2-
Sandanski – Situated in favorable relief and climatic factors in the southwestern part of Bulgaria, in the area of the middle stream of Struma river. Here is it felt beneficial influence of the Mediterranean climate. Long ago Sandanski has deserved the fame of the best natural health station of bronchial asthma in Europe, as well as for chronic, joint and kidney diseases. Water has a unique chemical composition, colorless and odorless, and has an excellent taste and medicinal properties. Today the resort has six large springs and numerous thermal springs are divided into two thermal zones. In the region of Sandanski Municipality there are over 80 springs with a temperature of 42-
At the resort gushing 22 springs located in a small area with different physic-