Never mind if you believe or not, yogurt is one of the largest prides of Bulgaria. Bulgarian yogurt or ‘sour milk’ is known worldwide for its exceptional taste and quality. Sour-
One of the legends for its occurrence is associated with the ancient Thracians, while others suggest that yogurt originated from the lactic acid drink "koumiss", which the proto-
Genghis Khan (1206-
For the first, time yogurt was mentioned in a written document from the 8th century.
Bulgarian yoghurt became popular in other European countries after the healing of the French King Francois I (1515 -
At the beginning of the 20th century, the big Russian biologist Ilya Mechnikov began work at the most famous of that time institute in Paris, Pasteur. He was the first, who raised the nutritional, dietary and medicinal properties of yogurt to a scientific level and attracted the world's attention to it. He admitted that human aging was a disease like any other. And man could be cured from it. He thought that the main remedy was the Bulgarian yoghurt. He proved that the only food that could limit the development of putrefactive bacteria in the intestines was the Bulgarian yoghurt. This explained the fact that Bulgaria had the largest number of centenarians, who were in good health. He gathered data from 36 countries and found out that most centenarians were in Bulgaria -
But what had distinguished Bulgaria from other countries and what was the reason for this small country on the Balkans to offer the most delicious yogurt in the world? The reason was based on a small bacterium, often called Laktobatsilikos Bulgaricus. It was discovered by the Bulgarian doctor Stamen Grigorov in 1905, and was called in this way in recognition of the microbiologist. Lactobacillus bulgaricus was named after Bulgaria -
To obtain Bulgarian yoghurt, you should use pasteurized cow’s, sheep’s, buffalo’s and goat’s milk or a mixture of sheep's and cow's milk with buffalo’s milk in 1:1 ratio.
Depending on the feedstock used, Bulgarian yoghurt is: cow’s, sheep’s, buffalo’s or a mixture:
In the village of Studen Izvor, Tran municipality, there is a unique Museum of Yogurt. It was opened in 2007 and tells the story of one of the most popular symbols of Bulgaria – the yogurt. Here, the guests can learn more about the process of fermenting that makes its incredible taste features, as well as to see the exhibition of interesting items used for the preparation and storage of yogurt and dairy products at home. Among them are rukatka: a clay pot with a handle, to carry it by hand, and buchkata, where the butter was beaten.
Yogurt is an important part of the cuisine of all Balkan countries. Yogurt is an ingredient in recipes for soups, salads, desserts, side dishes and more. Famous drinks and meals in Bulgaria are: Ayran -